Benjamin, Walter.  Illuminations.  Harry Zohn, tr. New York: Schocken Books, 1969.

         Blanchot, Maurice. The Space of Literature. Ann Smock, tr. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1982.

         Blaser, Robin, ed. The Collected Books of Jack Spicer. Santa Barbara: Black Sparrow Press, 1975  (rpt. 1980).

         Blaser, Robin. “The Practice of Outside.” The Collected Books of Jack Spicer, op. cit., pp. 271- 329.

         Chamberlain, Lori. “Ghostwriting the Text: Translation and the Poetics of Jack Spicer.”  Contemporary Literature 28 (1985): pp. 427-442.

         Eshleman, Clayton. “The Lorca Working.” Boundary 2 Number 1 (1977): pp. 31-50.

         Foster, Edward Halsey. Jack Spicer.  Boise State Western Writers Series.  Number 97. Boise: Boise State University, 1991.

         Gizzi, Peter, ed.  The House That Jack Built: The Collected Lectures of Jack Spicer (Hanover and  London: Wesleyan University Press, 1998).

         Hirata, Hosea. The Poetry and Poetics of Nishiwaki Junzaburo: Modernism in Translation.  Princeton, Princeton UP, 1993.

         Howe, Susan. The Nonconformist’s Memorial.  New York: New Directions, 1993.

         Lorca, Francisco Garcia and Donald M. Allen, eds.  The Selected Poems of Federico Garcia Lorca.    New York: New Directions, 1955.

         Poetics List.  The SUNY-Buffalo poetics discussion group, archives/poetics.html.

         Silliman, Ron. “My vocabulary did this to me.”  Acts No. 6, 1987: pp. 67-71.

         Spicer, Jack.  After LorcaThe Collected Books of Jack Spicer, op. cit., pp. 11-52